Stevia in india,stevia cultivation in india,stevia training,stevia plants,stevia project report

STEVIA

(MEETHI PATTI)

The Stevia rebaudiana is commonly known as sweet leaf, sugar leaf, or simply Stevia. This is widely grown for its sweet leaves. Stevia and Sunflower belong to asteraceae family. The sweet herb Stevia is becoming a major source of natural sweetener as an alternate of sugar. It is rapidly replacing the chemical sweetener like Splenda, Saccharine and Aspartame.

The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions of North America and South America. There are near about 240 species of Stevia Genus. It is grown widely in countries like Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay and Venezuela. In Venezuela it is being used over 1500 years.

Stevia leaves are 30 times sweeter than normal sugar. The extract of stevia Rebaudioside-A is around 300-400 times sweeter than normal sugar. The sweetness of stevia also felt for long time.

There are two compounds in stevia leaves 1.) Stevioside(10%-20%) and 2.) Rebaudioside-A(1-3%). The Stevioside is stable at 100 °C this is main advantage of Steviocide over other sweetener.

Today stevia is ready to become King in the market of sweetener. As demand of low carbohydrate sweetener is rising day by day.

A good market is being developed for stevia domestically as well as internationally. This is a ray of hope for the diabetic patient. As it is natural source of sweetener. It is also used for the treatment of obesity and high blood sugar patient. There is not increase in sugar level after consumption of stevia as sweetener as substitute of normal sugar.

Stevia, therefor, opens up new avenues for crop diversification and a viable alternative to sugarcane. There is a potential to use Stevia in soft drinks, confectionery and bakery etc. Instead of sweeteners with known adverse side effects in the long run. Stevia prevents tooth decay with its microbial property . Majority of the supplementary food products for diabetic patients emphasize on the fibre & protein content the addition of the Stevia leaves, dried or in powder form, in such products would not only aid in increasing the natural sweetness but would also help in rejuvenating the pancreatic gland.

Apart from this, Stevia is nutrient rich, containing substantial amount of Protein, Magnesium, Miocene, riboflavin, Zinc, Chromium, Selenium, Calcium & Phosphorus, Besides Stevia can also be used as a house hold sweetener in preparation of most Indian sweetmeats.

There are different views about stevia in different countries. Countries like Japan and Korea; it is widely used as sweetener. In some countries use of stevia is banned. Initially US govt banned stevia but in year 2008 the extract of stevia Rebaudioside-A was approved as food additive. Today the number of countries is increasing where stevia is available

Stevia crop has good potential in India. There is low risk in this crop. The investment in stevia is also tax free as it is agriculture production. The return also starts to come early. As it is planted for five years so the cost of plantation also accrue one time in five in 5 years. There is high potential of return as compared to traditional crop.

USE OF STEVIA:-

Stevia is available in many forms. The choice is totally dependent amount of sweetness we want. The fresh leaves are least sweet and the extracted white powder is the sweetest.

FRESH STEVIA LEAVES

This form of stevia is the herb in its most natural, unrefined state. A leaf picked from a stevia plant and chewed will impart an extremely sweet taste sensation reminiscent of licorice that lasts for quite a while.

For stevia to have a more practical application as a tea or sweetener, the leaves must be dried or put through an extraction process, which makes the sweet taste even more potent.

DRIED LEAVES

For more of the flavor and sweet constituents of the stevia leaf to be released, drying and crushing is necessary. A dried leaf is considerably sweeter than a fresh one, and is the form of stevia used in brewing herbal tea.Dried stevia leaf may come in bulk or packaged like tea bags. You can also get it finely powdered. It has a greenish color and can be used in a wide variety of foods and beverages, including coffee, applesauce and hot cereals. You also can use it to make an herbal tea blend. Its distinctive flavor is reminiscent of licorice, which will blend very well with different aromatic spices, such as cinnamon and ginger.

STEVIA EXTRACTS

The form in which stevia is primarily used as a sweetener in Japan is that ofa white powdered extract. In this form it is approximately 200 to 300 times sweeter than sugar (by weight).This white powder is an extract of the sweet glycosides (natural sweetening agents) in the stevia leaf.Not all stevia extract powders are the same. The taste, sweetness and cost of the various white stevia powders will likely depend on their degree of refinement and the quality of the stevia plant used. You may find that some powders have more of an aftertaste.Since extracted stevia powder is so intensely sweet, we recommend that it be used by the pinch (or drop if diluted in water). Once mixed, this solution should be stored in the refrigerator.

LIQUID CONCENTRATES

These come in several forms. There's a syrupy black liquid (that results from boiling the leaves in water), which can enhance the flavor of many foods. Another type is made by steeping stevia leaves in distilled water or a mix of water and grain alcohol. You can also find a liquid made from the white powder concentrate mixed with water, and preserved with grapefruit seed extract.

GROWING STEVIA

One need not be a South American planter to be a successful stevia grower. While the herb's native locale may make it appear somewhat exotic, it has proved to be quite adaptable and capable of being cultivated in climate zones as diverse as Florida and southern Canada.

True, home-grown stevia may lack the potency of refined white stevia extract; whole stevioside content generally ranges from 81 to 91 percent, as compared to a leaf level of approximately 12 percent. But it can provide you with a quantity of freshly harvested stevia 'tea leaves' to augment your supply of commercial stevia sweeteners.

Organic gardeners in particular should find stevia an ideal addition to their yield. Though nontoxic, stevia plants have been found to have insect-repelling tendencies. Their very sweetness, in fact, may be a kind of natural defense mechanism against aphids and other bugs that find it not to their taste. Perhaps that's why crop-devouring grasshoppers have been reported to bypass stevia under cultivation.

Then, too, raising stevia yourself, whether in your back yard or on your balcony, is another positive way you can personally (and quite legally) protest the wrongheaded government policies that have for so long deprived the American people of its benefits -- a kind of contemporary Victory Garden.

How to start your own stevia patch

It would be difficult, at best, to start a stevia patch from scratch -- that is, by planting seeds. Even if you could get them to germinate, results might well prove disappointing, since stevioside levels can vary greatly in plants grown from seed.

The recommended method is rather to buy garden-ready 'starter' plants, which given stevia's 'growing' popularity, may well be obtainable from a nursery or herbalist in your area -- provided you're willing to scout around a bit. If you're not, or are unsuccessful in locating any, there are at least three growers of high-quality stevia who will ship you as many baby plants as you'd like.

Keep in mind that not all stevia plants are created equal in terms of stevioside content, and, hence, sweetness. It's therefore a good idea to try to determine if the plants you're buying have been grown from cuttings whose source was high in stevioside.

Because tender young stevia plants are especially sensitive to low temperatures, it's important that you wait until the danger of frost is past and soil temperatures are well into the 50s and 60s before transplanting them into your garden.

Once you begin, it's best to plant your stevia in rows 20 to 24 inches apart, leaving about 18 inches between plants. Your plants should grow to a height of about 30 inches and a width of 18 to 24 inches.

The care and feeding of stevia

Stevia plants do best in a rich, loamy soil -- the same kind in which common garden-variety plants thrive. Since the feeder roots tend to be quite near the surface, it is a good idea to add compost for extra nutrients if the soil in your area is sandy.

Besides being sensitive to cold during their developmental stage, the roots can also be adversely affected by excessive levels of moisture. So take care not to overwater them and to make sure the soil in which they are planted drains easily and isn't soggy or subject to flooding or puddling.

Frequent light watering is recommended during the summer months. Adding a layer of compost or your favorite mulch around each stevia plant will help keep the shallow feeder roots from drying out.

Stevia plants respond well to fertilizers with a lower nitrogen content than the fertilizer's phosphoric acid or potash content. Most organic fertilizers would work well, since they release nitrogen slowly.

Gathering autumn stevia leaves

Harvesting should be done as late as possible, since cool autumn temperatures and shorter days tend to intensify the sweetness of the plants as they evolve into a reproductive state. While exposure to frost is still to be avoided, covering the plants during an early frost can give you the benefit of another few weeks' growth and more sweetness.

When the time does come to harvest your stevia, the easiest technique is to cut the branches off with pruning shears before stripping the leaves. As an extra bonus, you might also want to clip off the very tips of the stems and add them to your harvest, as they are apt to contain as much stevioside as do the leaves.

If you live in a relatively frost-free climate, your plants may well be able to survive the winter outside, provided you do not cut the branches too short (leaving about 4 inches of stem at the base during pruning). In that case, your most successful harvest will probably come in the second year. Five-year-old plants will not be as productive and, ideally, should be replaced with new cuttings.

In harsher climates, however, it might be a good idea to take cuttings that will form the basis for the next year's crop. Cuttings need to be rooted before planting, using either commercial rooting hormones or a natural base made from willow tree tips, pulverized onto a slurry in your blender. After dipping the cuttings in such a preparation, they should be planted in a rooting medium for two to three weeks, giving the new root system a chance to form. They should then be potted -- preferably in 4.5-inch pots -- and placed in the sunniest and least drafty part of your home until the following spring.

Unlocking the sweetness in your harvest

Once all your leaves have been harvested you will need to dry them. This can be accomplished on a screen or net. (For a larger application, an alfalfa or grain drier can be used, but about the only way an average gardener might gain access to such a device is to borrow it from a friendly neighbourhood farmer). The drying process is not one that requires excessive heat; more important is good air circulation. On a moderately warm fall day, your stevia crop can be quick dried in the full sun in about 12 hours. (Drying times longer than that will lower the stevioside content of the final product.) A home dehydrator can also be used, although sun drying is the preferred method.

Crushing the dried leaves is the final step in releasing stevia's sweetening power. This can be done either by hand or, for greater effect, in a coffee grinder or in a special blender for herbs. You can also make your own liquid stevia extract by adding a cup of warm water to 1/4 cup of fresh, finely-crushed stevia leaves. This mixture should set for 24 hours and then be refrigerated.

Growing stevia without land

Just because you live within the confines of an apartment or condominium doesn't mean you can't enjoy the benefits of stevia farming. This versatile plant can be grown either in pots on your balcony or any sunny spot, or else in a hydroponic unit. Stevia plants also do quite well in "container gardens." A 10" to 12" diameter container filled with a lightweight growing mix is an ideal size for each plant. A little mulch on the top will help retain the moisture in the shallow root zone. A properly fertilized hydroponic unit or container garden can provide you with as much stevia as an outdoor garden, if not more.

Thursday, September 16, 2010

ECONOMIC VIABILITY OF THE STEVIA CROP......

Production cost

S.N.
Particulars
Amount (Rs)
Details
1
Charges for Registration
( One time registration )

5,000
Charged by HCMS
2
Charges for Consultancy
@Rs 5000/Acre/Year
(minimum for three years)

25,000
Charged by HCMS
3
Charges for one time Investment with installation of drip irrigation system.

8,10,000

This include the charges for drip system,  charges for plants, charges for plantation
4
Annually
@ Rs 25000/ Acre/year   

1,25,000
Labor & Water, Fertilizers, Pesticide Cost
5
Other Charges.
( Care taker of farm )
@ 5,000/ month

60,000
It varies location to location
6
Total charges
10,25,000


The charges for agriculture expert visit will be born by you, as the location is more than 150 Km far from Jaipur. The production cost for first year will be Rs 10,25,000/- , but in next years the one time charges Rs 8,10,000 will not be charged so the cost of production for 2nd ,3rd ,4th and 5th year will be Rs 2,15,000



Income / Production

S.N.
Particulars
Amount (Rs)
Details
1
Production of leaves @ 2500 Kg /Acre /Year


Total production of leaves 12,500 Kg/year
2
Buy Back Rate given by HCMS  Rs/kg

100

3
Production
@ Rs 2,50,000 / Acre/year

12,50,000

( 12,500  * 100 )


Cost and production evaluation for five years

S.N.
Year
Production cost
Income
1
First Year
10,25,000
12,50,000

2
Second year
2,15,000
12,50,000

3
Third year
2,15,000
12,50,000

4
Fourth Year
2,15,000
12,50,000

5
Fifth Year
2,15,000
12,50,000

6
Total
1885000
62,50,000

Net Income = Total income - Total Cost
                   = 62, 50,000         - 18, 85,000
                   = 43, 65, 000 /- for five year

Average Income for every year up to Five years from Stevia cultivation on 5 acre Land.

= Rs 8, 73,000 /-

28 comments:

  1. It is great opportunity for the investment..

    ReplyDelete
  2. THIS IS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR THE INVESTMENT I WANT TO CULTIVATE STEVIA ON 30 ACRES

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi,
    If Stevia is a high valued crop, then why is it not widely grown in India?

    Can any one tell me what are the plausible barriers/problems in exporting stevia dry leaves? what could be the export price of stevia dry leaves ($185/kg is this true)?

    I look forward to hearing from you (The knowledge donors)

    Thanks in advance.

    ReplyDelete
  4. i am interested to cultivating . we have black soil and till now we r used to cultivate tobbaco and cotton plz tell me is it suitable for this soil. iam from andhrapradesh

    ReplyDelete
  5. Rajesh Pothula Please contact us for good quality planting material, knowledge, technology, and buyback agreement........ We have superior quality planting material and high tech processing unit for processing of Stevia leaves .............. info.hcms@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  6. As per discussion with you that i want to cultivate stevia in my garden is it possible. I am a diabetic patient. Please guide me.

    ReplyDelete
  7. i have a land of 250 acres and looking forward to cultivate stevia....
    how can i get your help.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Sir My crop is ready to harvest As per your buy back I want to sell my crop to you please give me appointment to meet you in office

    ReplyDelete
  9. SHYAM PLEASE GIVE YOU MAIL ID AND CONTACT US AT OUR MAIL ID...

    ReplyDelete
  10. Dear Sir

    You are most welcome to jaipur. Its really pleasure to have business with you.

    As per your query we are ready to purchase the ready material.Please let us know the quantity ,variety,time of availability, transportation cost via jaipur,plantation time, area of cultivation.

    Reply as soon as possible so we can proceed further.

    ReplyDelete
  11. DEAR FRIENDS
    Training on stevia cultivation
    We provide intensive training on Stevia cultivation on regular basis . this includes all the practices related to Stevia faming, climatic condition's, the strong part of this training is Field Visit.........................the farm visit of the stevia............
    __________________
    Hahnemann Charitable Mission Society
    ISO 9001:2000 Certified
    Contact Mr. Atul Gupta at Mob:09887555005
    Address:301,Mahaveer Nagar-II,Durgapura,Jaipur-302018
    hcms_96@yahoo.co.in
    Web:www.hcms.org.in

    ReplyDelete
  12. Contract Farming by HCMS
    Contract Farming by HCMS
    Hahnemann charitable mission society 1996, an ISO certified NGO providing consultancy services in the agric sector.

    We have been successfully working since 1996, for the large-scale development of organic, aromatic, medicinal and Jatropha plants, in all over India through farmers. HCMS has conducted numbers of awareness,seminars,trainings,campaigns,workshops & education programmes for such plantation& is promoting these cultivation globally too.

    Activities & Achievements
    1. About 200 acres of land has been developed as medicinal plants estate.
    2. Promoted 100 acres of land under aloe Vera cultivation & have been helping in the marketing.
    3. One of the Major research projects entitles ‘Stevia cultivation under contract farming” is undertaken in collaboration with an international company.
    4. We undertake contract farming on large scale for medicinal ,horticulture & enviornement friendly cultivation under buy back agreement.
    5. Seeds & seedlings of aloevera,jatropha,Anwla,Ashwhangadha,safed Musli & stevia have been distributed to 1000 growers by society in Bassi Phagi,Jaipur for contract farming


    Presently, farmers/individuals can contact us for cultivating the following crops.Also contact us for contract farming of the crops.

    1.Ashwagandha
    2.Amla
    3.Jatropha
    4.Coleus
    5.Lemon Grass
    6.Guggle
    7.Stevia
    8.Jivanti
    9.Satabdi
    10.Neem
    11.Sonamukhi
    12.Aloe Vera
    __________________
    Hahnemann Charitable Mission Society
    ISO 9001:2000 Certified
    Contact Mr. Atul Gupta at Mob:09887555005
    Address:301,Mahaveer Nagar-II,Durgapura,Jaipur-302018
    hcms_96@yahoo.co.in
    Web:www.hcms.org.in

    ReplyDelete
  13. Natural Control of Diabetes
    Dear Friends,



    This is my privilege to introduce that International Conference on Multidisciplinary Approaches to Diabetes Research & Health (ICMADRH-2010) is going to be held in Jaipur from 14-11- 2010 to -16-11-2010.This conference is organized by the joint collaboration of Rajasthan University( Zoology department) and S.K. Govt P.G.College. It is our fortune that we are part of It and I will request you all to get involved into it. It will be beneficial for us and each Human being.

    HCMS will coordinate the event regarding natural control and products related to this disease.

    As you know, Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease, which has acquired a significant medical and socio-economic impact, mainly due to its complications. With recent rapid incidence of diabetes, it is predicted that 300 million individuals worldwide will have diabetes by 2025, with a major impact on the population of developing countries like India.

    Near around 2500 Foreign and Indian delegates will participate in this Event. Who are be leading personalities in their area like Research, Diabetologists (Clinicians from Allopath, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani-medicines, Naturopathy, etc.), Endocrinologists, Dieticians, Pharmacologists, Scientists and Technologists.

    We very much look forward to seeing you for an exciting scientific event in the beautiful pink city in Jaipur.

    For more information and register please click International Conference on "Multidisciplinary Approaches to Diabetes Research & Health? .

    Please mail us after the registration for further details and communication at hcms_96@yahoo.co.in

    ReplyDelete
  14. organic neem manure for sale and other neem besed products
    organic neem manure for sale
    Neem products for sale.
    We, Hahnemann Charitable Mission Society, are a Jaipur based ISO 9001:2000 Certified non government organization. HCMS is promoting eco friendly & medicinal plantation in all over India & has organized various seminars, workshops & training camps for the purpose.

    Products made from Neem have proven medicinal properties, being anthelmintic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-infertility, and sedative. It is considered a major component in Ayurvedic medicine and is particularly prescribed for skin disease.

    We are promoting Neem based products & manures on large scale and supply & providing consultancies on:

     Neem manure
     Organic Neem Cake
     Neem Cake Powder
     Neem Oil
    Interested buyers are requested to contact us for their requirements
    Availability of other product and services:
    • Organic Manure and pesticides
    • Other medicinal and Aromatic plants
    • Dairy development services
    • Paid Consultancy services for plants from Cultivation to up to its marketing
    • Vocational Training Program

    If you have any queries then please contact us.

    ReplyDelete
  15. i need help regarding stevia in andhrapradesh. near our area is there any contact person or any source of contact near us. it will b diffult to come to jaipur it is far away from us.
    if any contact details forward me.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. hai brother iam also from andhra pradesh near kakinada, i was interested in starting stevia cultivation. if you get any information regarding this please send to me also my mail id sandeepit18@gmail.com

      Thanking you brother.....

      Delete
  16. Hello HCMS Team,
    We want to grow medicinal plants in 50 acres in UP and Rudrapur.We are interested in Stevia and Aloe veera. Please let us know if the climate will suit these cultivation.
    What consultative support u can provide to us.Pls also let us know about the revenue from aloe veera crop.
    Thanks Ranjeet

    ReplyDelete
  17. I have to sell the dry stevia leaves. I am grower in Punjab. A good quality os leaves are availabel please contact..
    rajendrachoudhary@gmail.com
    Rajendra chaudharri, Barnala, punjab

    ReplyDelete
  18. Stevia cultivation in india is profitable croping in coming year. I am planing to come back Indian and to start the Stevia cultivation. Can any one suggest me to ? how to start the stevi cultivation

    ReplyDelete
  19. Hey this is shrijit patel right now I am in usa and I have 12acer of land in india for agriculture I am also plannning on moving back to india in a year or two so please let me know if you are. Intrested in contract farming on my land my email xxcrazy84@yahio.com

    ReplyDelete
  20. Hi,

    This is Adish Jain from Delhi. I do have about 100 Acre land available in Bikaner district with almost all basic requirement of this plant. I would like to start with plantation on 25 Acre land and will increse the production as per the production.

    Can we please dicuss the costing and other formalities?? I would be obliged to give you call if you want or you may contact me at - 9891105523.

    I do have some other business ideas related to this plant extract. We can discuss on that part too.

    Thanks & Regards,
    Adish Jain

    ReplyDelete
  21. hello sir i want to cultivate aloe vera in 1 acre land can you tell me what will be tha starting cost and details regarding aloe vera.

    ReplyDelete
  22. Dear Sir

    Please give the details for bank loan for STEVIA.

    In Andhra Pradesh ( A.P.).

    Kindly mail me on srivpadma.reddy@gmail.com

    Best Regards
    SRI

    ReplyDelete
  23. Dear Sir

    Please give the details for bank loan for STEVIA & ALOE VERA.

    In Andhra Pradesh ( A.P.).

    Kindly mail me on srivpadma.reddy@gmail.com

    Best Regards
    SRI

    ReplyDelete
  24. This is Raghav from Andhra Pradesh. We have 10 acres of land in Anantapur dist. We have already Drip irrigation system installed in 10 acres of land and currently cultivating Banana. We want to do STEVIA plant cultivation in that land. We would like to know more details related to this.

    Kindly send details to naidupotturu@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
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